A History of Stained Glass


 
Stained glass in England dates from around 675 AD, but by the 12th century it had become a refined art form.
The creation of stained-glass windows has hardly changed from that time, classically consisting of shards of coloured glass held together in a latticed frame of lead. However, initially the style of the time was to use glass that had details of faces and figures, as well as drapery and simple backgrounds, painted on to and then fired in to it, using black or brown paint. In the early 14th century, the use of ‘silver satin’, a yellow stain, became more common place; which could turn white glass yellow or blue glass green. It was useful in highlighting hair, haloes or crowns, and allowed for lighter colours, so that the interior would have more light.
Stain glass flourished until the reformation in the mid 1500’s, when it became less fashionable. Throughout the 18th centuries, it use declined further and the craft was almost lost. Only with the Gothic Revival, in the 19th century was there an attempt to recover the techniques. The Victorians, and in particular Charles Winston and A W N Pugin, found stain glass, of the type we see often today, could be used to give a sense of epic history, formal celebration, opulence and high art to churches, stately homes, prestigious buildings (such as museums and government buildings), and eventually was used in town houses all over the country.
The quality and craftsmanship are now highly regarded.
In 1861 William Morris, Edward Burne-Jones, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Philip Webb founded the eminent glazing manufacturers of Morris & Co, and by 1875 Burne-Jones was their principal designer. Many examples of their work remain in situ today, and are widely lauded for their power and strength.
In 1897, Mary Lowndes, one of the leading lights of the Victorian Arts and Crafts Movement, established with A J Drury, her foreman, Lowndes & Drury, creating The Glass House in Fulham, providing studio facilities for independent artists.http://www.theglasshouse.org.uk/projectshowcase/fulham-court-community-group/

Once you have made and palced your stained glass window, why not think of a curtain track system that will open your window into plain view when required?